National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, NEET and Joint Entrance Examination, JEE (Mains) will now be conducted by the newly formed National Testing Agency (NTA) from 2019 onwards. NTA: All you need to know about the 10 important changes introduced:
1. Starting December, NTA would be taking over the examinations which were till now conducted by CBSE and AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education). This includes UGC NET, JEE Main, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test – NEET, Common Management Admission Test – CMAT and Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test – GPAT. Related News | NTA to conduct NEET AND JEE main twice a year, next NET Exam in December 2018
2. Starting with the basic changes, the most important is that all the examinations that would be conducted by NTA would be Computer Based Tests or CBTs. Till 2018, JEE Main was conducted in both online as well as offline mode. NEET – the admission test for medical and dental courses in country was conducted only in offline mode. However, under NTA, all the examinations would be conducted in online mode, i.e. they would be computer based tests.
3. The examination paper would be set by a team of subject matter experts and psychometricians to ensure that the new system is student friendly, fair and retains the quality of the examination. This is done to ensure that the tests are scientifically sound and provide the best opportunity to students.
4. JEE Main and NEET would be conducted twice every year. Students have a choice for appearing in either both of the sittings or either of them. Candidates who clear in the first sitting but wish to improve their ranks would also be able to do the same. The scores of both the examinations would be equated using psychometric methods, standardisation and normalisation of scores would also be employed.
5. JEE Main, NEET as well as UGC NET would also be conducted in multiple sittings. Candidates would have the option of choosing their dates. Also, in order to retain the fairness of the examination, the scores of multiple sittings would also be normalized using standardization techniques.
6. NTA would also set up test practice centres in rural areas to help students familiarize themselves with the examination process of computer based tests. These facilities would be made available at the schools and engineering colleges of the area on Saturdays and Sundays. The facility would be available free of charge for students.
7. The syllabus of the examinations would not be changed. Experts hired by NTA would ensure that they familiarize themselves with the previous paper formats to maintain the formats. The teachers would be trained and given feedback on the functioning of the previous year’s examinations for the same.
8. Examinations would continue to be conducted in all the languages they are conducted in till date. It means that NEET would continue to be conducted in 11 languages which include 8 regional languages and English, Hindi and Urdu. JEE Main would be conducted only in English and Hindi, etc.
9. Admission process for examinations conducted twice would start only after the second examination has been done. Clarity, however, on the option of candidate choosing which score to submit for admission process is not available as yet.
10. UGC NET would be the first examination conducted by NTA in December 2018 followed by JEE Main 2018 in January and April and NEET in February and May. CMAT and GPAT would also be conducted in January 2019.